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Place the leg with the injured calf behind the foot of other leg and hold the stretch for 15 seconds. This feels like a sudden, snapping pain in the calf. 1. Doing this will reduce blood flow to the damaged tissues and allow proper healing. Sometimes, the cyst bursts and leaks fluid into the calf region, resulting in sharp pain, swelling, and a sensation of water running down the leg. This type of strain is often called tennis leg, originating from a 1883 reported case of a tennis injury. Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed*** and may vary from person to person***. 4. It is caused by injury, infection, inflammation, or as a result of surgery. This leads to the involuntary contraction of one or more calf muscles, which can be very painful and can result in hardening of the calf. Overuse or other factors can make these muscles to become sore and painful. Swelling is often linked to the retention of water which is increased by being overweight, pregnant, or while menstruating. Position the affected leg in front of the other and slightly lean forward with the knee of the affected leg slightly hovering over the foot. Place your hands on a table or counter with your feet apart and raise your heels up so that you are standing on your toes. Calf pain can vary from mild numbness and tingling to excruciating pain that impairs your ability to walk. These muscles extend from the knee and attach to the Achilles tendon at your heel. It’s a common injury that makes the tendon swell, stretch, or tear. Three muscles make up the section of the leg below the knee that most people call the calf. It bypasses the fibula and tibia shin bones and is attached to the femur bone and calcaneus, or heel bone with the help of the Achilles tendon. Damage or injury to the Achilles tendon can be a tear, irritation, or an overstretch caused by excessive use, weak calf muscles, arthritis, or the aging process. Resting the calf muscles can alleviate the pain, reduce any swelling, and speed up the recovery time whether it is a mild or major calf issue. This type of fracture is a tiny crack in the fibula bone. The causes of rheumatoid arthritis have yet to be confirmed as it is considered an autoimmune disease where immune system attacks healthy tissues of the body. “Achilles Tendinitis,” Mayo Clinic, August 4, 2015; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/achilles-tendinitis/basics/definition/con-20024518, last accessed August 14, 2017. Fitzgordon, J., “Anatomy Of The Calf Muscle,” CoreWalking; https://corewalking.com/anatomy-of-the-calf-muscle/, last accessed August 14, 2017. “Tight Calf Muscles,” Sports Injury Clinic; http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/tight-calf-muscles, last accessed August 14, 2017. Is it painful when you walk, stand, or bend the knee or ankle? But in most cases, you can treat muscle strain with rest and home remedies. What sort of activity were you doing at the time when the pain started? Once the swelling has gone down, apply heat compresses to the calf to continue pain management. This form of calf pain may happen for unknown reasons or due to excessive exercise, pregnancy, medications, or liver disease. If you apply the heat too soon, it can cause the pain and swelling to increase. Sources: The blood travelling from the tissues to the heart can collect and cause swelling. Sciatica is a symptom of a lower back issue such as spinal stenosis, a lumbar herniated disc, spondylolisthesis, or a degenerative disc disease. It occurs from excessive traction and twisting of the lower leg. Exercise that causes your muscles to undergo this process can leave you feeling sore until the healing process completes. Avruskin, A., “Physical Therapist’s Guide to Calf Strain,” Move Forward; http://www.moveforwardpt.com/symptomsconditionsdetail.aspx?cid=f52d166b-3906-4003-8cd4-64ea162724b0, last accessed August 14, 2017. The condition is also common among middle-aged athletes who casually play sports like tennis or basketball. 3. healthcare professional. Some types of leg pain can be traced to problems in your lower spine. Grade 2 Symptoms. This common condition can occur in the legs when narrowing arteries restrict blood flow. Pulling or tearing a calf muscle can cause a sudden sharp pain in the back of your leg. “Lateral Compartment Syndrome,” Sports Injury Clinic; http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/lateral-compartment-syndrome, last accessed August 14, 2017. The soleus muscle is flat and small and lies behind the gastrocnemius muscle. “Explore Varicose Veins,” National Institutes Of Health, February 13, 2014; https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/vv, last accessed August 14, 2017. Causes of Pain in Calf Muscle. If the blood remains inside the muscle, swelling may be the only visible symptom. Pain in the calf muscle is a common result of straining the medial gastrocnemius muscle during physical activity such as with sports. Calf pain is often caused by muscle cramps or strains. Runners who recently increased the intensity or distance of their runs are particularly prone to developing Achilles tendonitis. The nerves can become damaged by high blood sugar or glucose levels, inflammation, injury, and by external sources such as with alcohol and tobacco use. These Baker’s or popliteal cysts swell and can cause pain that radiates from the knee into the calf. Most people strain the medial head of their gastrocnemius muscle, which is the largest muscle in the calf. Cluett, J., “Calf Strain – Muscle Spasm of the Leg,” Verywell, July 14, 2017; https://www.verywell.com/calf-strain-muscle-spasm-of-the-leg-2549855, last accessed August 14, 2017. Natural causes: The condition of the body can sometimes be enough to cause calf swelling. Environmental causes of calf swelling may be related to lifestyle habits or certain exposures. This condition is commonly known as “tennis leg.” Muscle strain sometimes feels like a sudden, sharp pain or a tearing sensation. “Diabetic Neuropathies: The Nerve Damage of Diabetes,” National Institutes of Health, February 2009; www.niddk.nih.gov/-/media/A710C2B4CC214818B8C0BC7A30C8F7E8.ashx, last accessed August 14, 2017. When one of these muscles expand beyond the protective sheath, pain can be felt throughout the lower leg when used. However, some other factors can cause calf pain and leg pain in general. Movements such as lunging forward or dashing can place tension on this muscle, causing a strain or a rupture. Repeat these exercises four or five times daily. However, sometimes calf pain can be a symptom of something more serious. You can also participate in walking, swimming, and cycling workouts to help strengthen the calf. Pain in the calf muscle can be the result of an injury, trauma, or as a consequence of an underlying health condition. Perform stretching exercises to strengthen and lengthen the tendons and muscles of the calves. information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or Did the leg swell within the first two or three hours? Another common cause of calf pain is muscle strain. But others are less obvious. Peripheral artery disease can cause claudication, or pain that occurs in the legs usually when walking or exercising. Calf pain may be felt upon movement after extended rest periods, especially first thing in the morning. The legs are an extremely common injury site. There are two main reasons for calf muscle pain: injury and an underlying medical condition. Cramping may occur soon after, along with bruising and swelling. There can be a pain in legs when walking known as claudication. “Calf Pain,” Healthgrades, September 26, 2016; https://www.healthgrades.com/symptoms/calf-pain, last accessed August 14, 2017. Pain in the calf (the back part of the lower leg) is usually caused by a cramp or muscle strain. While muscle injuries are the most common cause of calf pain, there are others that may stem from nerve problems, knee joint problems, or foot and ankle conditions. With improper blood flow ” MedlinePlus, January 16, 2016 ; http: //www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/fibua-stress-fracture, accessed. Did you suffer an injury to the Achilles tendon at your heel.. Injury due to a fall, injury, infection, inflammation, pain, and the along. 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